Rockbund Art Museum 上海外滩美术馆

Art and Imaginary Communities---From Religion to Post Secularization RAM讲座:艺术和虚构的共同体---从宗教到后世俗

Event Information

Date: 22 December 2017
Time: 11:00 13:00
Venue: MEM Art Space, No.185 Yuanmingyuan Road, 2F
Speaker: Jiang Jun
Language: Chinese


日期: 2017年 12月 22日
时间: 11:00 13:00
场馆: 场馆: 上海洛克·外滩源兰心MEM艺术空间,圆明园路185号二楼(由兰心咖啡厅入)
主讲人: 姜俊
语言: 中文

Around 70,000 years ago, Homo sapiens stood out in the natural competition and finally conquered the world, while other human species, including Homo neanderthalensis, Homo erectus, Homo soloensis and Homo denisovans, become extinct one by another. One of the most prominent differences between the winner and the extinct is that Sapiens has the capability to “create facts” that are not real, such as legends, myths and religions. As a result, human language started to describe fictive things. This is the “cognitive revolution” in human history.

Sapiens further created various “imagined communities” as the diversified units of social cooperation, from tribes to city-states, nations, the human community, and ultimately the world as a whole. In this process, to promote wide-spread social cooperation, these “imagined communities” have to win the belief of the targeted population. Therefore, appealing objects, events or behaviors were made up by Sapiens, with language (the storytelling capability) serving as the first and foremost foundation. Perceptible settings are also deployed to arouse empathy, which may later turn into belief. These perceptible settings are what we now refer to as “art”, which originates from ars in Latin – a translation of techne in Greek – meaning human activities and artifacts.

Contemporary artists have produced abundant artworks themed on belief or incorporating religious elements as they delve into the history and tradition of the community they belong to. Benefiting from the inclusiveness of contemporary arts, they are further tapping into the deep value of human civilization.

大约7万年前在各种人属中的“智人”(Homo sapiens)最后脱颖而出,成为了新世界的主人,而相反其他种族的人类,如尼安德特人、直立人、梭罗人、丹尼索瓦人等都相继灭绝。“智人”和他们最大的区别在于一种“虚构”现实的能力,并以这种方式创造出了莫须有的各种传说、神话、宗教等,随之语言在此进入了抽象化的领域。这便是所谓的“认知革命”(Cognitive Revolution)。